Minsk Agreement Un

YURIY SERGEYEV (Ukraine) said his country welcomed the support for the latest agreements reached last week. While the Russian side had positioned itself as an ardent defender of peace and had even proposed the resolution that had just been adopted, what really happened was different. Unfortunately, despite the hopes of all parties to respect all commitments, non-compliance with the agreements has ruined the prospects for peace, he said. The 15-member panel expressed the Security Council`s deep concern over the tragic events and violence in the eastern regions of Ukraine and today unanimously adopted a resolution endorsing last week`s ceasefire agreement. MARK LYALL GRANT (United Kingdom) said that his country had voted in favour of the resolution because it recognized the importance of unanimous support for recent agreements in the Security Council. The parties to the conflict must commit to respecting the recent ceasefire, and “this time we must see how the commitments are put into practice,” he said. To date, the ceasefire had been in effect for two and a half days and it appeared that it had been observed except for a “blatant” contempt in the Ukrainian city of Debaltseve. It is completely unacceptable that the rebel leaders have declared that the ceasefire does not apply to Debaltseve. The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) must have immediate access to this city. “We call on Russia to use its influence over the separatists” to maintain the ceasefire, he said, adding that he also expected both sides to see the withdrawal of heavy weapons in the next two weeks. The Council must play its full role in ensuring that the ceasefire is fully respected and in ensuring the full territorial integrity of Ukraine. The Protocol on the Results of the Consultations of the Trilateral Contact Group, commonly known as the Minsk Protocol, is an agreement to end the war in the Donbass region of Ukraine, signed on 5 September 2014 by representatives of that country, the Russian Federation, the Donetsk People`s Republic (DPR), the Luhansk People`s Republic (LPR) and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE).

[1] [2] [3] It was signed under the auspices of the OSCE after lengthy discussions in Minsk, Belarus. The agreement, which followed several previous attempts to end fighting in Donbass, introduced an immediate ceasefire. It failed to stop the fighting in Donbass[4], and a new package of measures called Minsk II followed, which was agreed on 12 February 2015. [5] Again, this could not end the fighting, but the Minsk agreements remain the basis for any future solution to the conflict, as agreed at the Normandy format meeting. By its resolution 2202 (2015), the Council called on all parties to fully implement the “Package of measures for the implementation of the Minsk Agreements” adopted in Minsk, Belarus, on 12 February 2015. The Council firmly believes that the settlement of the situation in the eastern regions of Ukraine can only be achieved through a peaceful settlement of the current crisis and welcomed the statement by the Heads of State or Government of the Russian Federation, Ukraine, France and Germany in support of the “package of measures” and their continued commitment to the implementation of the agreements. Precisely because Minsk-2 reflects this stalemate on the battlefield, it is an inherently contradictory document. As mentioned earlier, the agreement conditions the return of the border to Ukrainian control on a political solution that Russia and its proxies accept. However, it also contains provisions that promote the restoration of Ukrainian control over the Donbass before an agreement is reached. Articles 1 and 2 provide for a permanent ceasefire and the removal of heavy weapons from the line of contact before a dialogue on the elections takes place. Article 4 does not specify whether the dialogue should begin the day after the withdrawal begins or the day after it is concluded; Ukraine can credibly argue that the withdrawal of heavy weapons must be completed before the start of electoral preparations. Most importantly, Russia has not yet withdrawn its troops, equipment, and irregulars from Ukraine, as Article 10 effectively requires it to act without preconditions – thus relinquishing border control.63 Russia has now strengthened the armed formations of the DNR/NRL and strengthened its control over them, so that they are now effectively appendages of its own army.64 Taken together, These circumstances make it impossible to hold elections in Donbass in accordance with osce/odihr standards set out in Article 12.

On 17 March, the Ukrainian Parliament adopted a law on the “special status” of Donbass, as established in Minsk II. [56] Later, in 2019, the Ukrainian parliament voted thursday to extend rules providing for limited autonomy to separatist-controlled eastern regions, a precondition for an agreement to resolve the five-year conflict there. [57] The law was immediately criticized by Ukrainian politicians, separatist leaders, and the Russian government. Radical Party leader Oleh Lyashko said the law was “a vote for de facto recognition of the Russian occupation in Donbass.” Parliament Deputy Speaker Andriy Parubiy said the law was “not for Putin or the occupiers,” but to show Europe that Ukraine is ready to respect Minsk II. Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said the law was a “clear break with the Minsk agreements.” [56] Representatives of the LPR and DPR said that the law was a “unilateral” amendment to Minsk II and that the agreement was annulled by this amendment. [58] DPR leader Alexander Zakharchenko said that any amendment in Minsk II that was not agreed upon was “legally void” and that “nothing agreed in Minsk was implemented.” He added that the DPR must “occupy all the cities where the referendum took place, and then cooperate politically [with Ukraine] as equal partners.” [59] Nevertheless, representatives of the DPR and LPR continued to submit peace proposals to the Trilateral Contact Group on Ukraine. [60] Ukrainian Defense Minister Stepan Poltorak said August 8. June 2015 that since the entry into force of Minsk II, more than 100 soldiers and at least 50 civilians had been killed. .