Boundary Agreement Between Pakistan And China

It led China to go to Pakistan on more than 1,942 square kilometers (750 square miles) and Pakistan recognized Chinese sovereignty over hundreds of square kilometers of land in northern Kashmir and Ladakh. [2] [3] The agreement is not recognized as legal by India, which also claims sovereignty over part of the country. In addition to rising tensions with India, the deal shifted the Balance of the Cold War by bringing Pakistan and China closer together while easing relations between Pakistan and the United States. Pakistan had expressed some reservations, with Chinese maps showing parts of Pakistan on their side. Ayub Khan sought clarification, but no response was received. After Pakistan voted for a Chinese seat on the UN Security Council, the Chinese withdrew the cards in January 1962 and also agreed to start discussions on the matter. This Chinese willingness to conclude an agreement was welcomed by Pakistan. Talks between the two sides officially began on October 13, 1962 and culminated in an agreement signed on March 2, 1963 by Foreign Ministers Chen Yi and Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto of China and Pakistan respectively. Following the example of Pakistan, China has withdrawn from the disputed area. He showed the aspirations of the peoples of the two countries for the growth of friendly and fraternal relations which, in the years to come, have had to play a helping role in ensuring peace in the world.

The agreement led china and Pakistan to withdraw from about 1,900 square kilometers of territory (750 square miles) and a border based on the 1899 British note to China, modified by Lord Curzon in 1905. Indian writers insisted that, in this transaction, Pakistan ceded 5,300 km2 (2,050 square miles) of territory to China (which they believe had absolutely no right). Indeed, if at all, Pakistan has gained some territory, about 52 km2 (20 square miles), south of the Khunjerab Pass. [Neutrality is controversial] The claim abandoned by Pakistan was the area north of the Uprang Jilga River, which also included the Raksam lands, where the Mir of Hunza had enjoyed tax rights and pastures for much of the late nineteenth century under agreements with the Chinese authorities in Sinkiang. Despite this, sovereignty over the territory has never been questioned by the Mir of Hunza, the British or the state of Jammu and Kashmir.