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Boundary Agreement between Pakistan and China

Pakistan had expressed some reservations because Chinese maps showed parts of Pakistan on its side. Ayub Khan sought clarification, but no response was received. After Pakistan voted for China to get a seat on the United Nations Security Council, the Chinese withdrew the cards in January 1962 and also agreed to start talks on the issue. This Chinese willingness to conclude an agreement was welcomed by Pakistan. Talks between the two sides officially began on October 13, 1962, culminating in an agreement signed on March 2, 1963 by Foreign Ministers Chen Yi and Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto of China and Pakistan, respectively. This led China to withdraw from the disputed territory, following pakistan`s example. He showed the aspirations of the peoples of the two countries for the growth of friendly and fraternal relations, which should play a relief role in guaranteeing world peace in the years to come. The two sides also agreed that the two sides will resume talks on the border issue as part of the settlement of the Kashmir conflict. (i) “Wherever the border follows a river, the mediocre line of the riverbed is the dividing line.

According to Jane`s International Defence Review, the agreement was also important during the Cold War, as Pakistan had relations with the United States and was a member of the Central Treaty Organization and the Southeast Asian Treaty Organization. [7] The agreement was part of a general tightening of the association with China for Pakistan, which led to Pakistan`s distancing from the United States. [7] [8] [9] After establishing the borders, the two countries also concluded trade and air transport agreements, the latter being the first international agreement of its kind that China had concluded with a country that was not communist. [10] The Pakistani side leaves the southeastern tip of this spur and reaches the bend of the Skgam or Muztagh River. From this point, the border runs along the midline of its bed along its confluence with the Shorbulak Daria to the Kelechin River. From the confluence, the demarcation line rises to the top of the spur and crosses the main watershed of the Karakoram Mountains. The Pakistan-China Border Agreement, which concludes the border between Pakistan and China, was signed in March 1963. This agreement has become very controversial due to India`s refusal to recognize it, as it also asserts its sovereignty over certain territories. In addition to this controversy, the agreement changed the regional balance by bringing Pakistan and China closer together, but straining pakistan-US relations. Therefore, the agreement was of paramount importance for the history of bilateral relations between the two states. He not only resolved the border dispute between the two countries, but also helped establish friendly relations between them. However, it was also important in other respects, as the agreement strained Pakistan`s relations with the West and dealt a severe blow to the Kashmir conflict.

This has led China to cede more than 1,942 square kilometers (750 square miles) to Pakistan and Pakistan recognizing Chinese sovereignty over hundreds of square kilometers of land in northern Kashmir and Ladakh. [2] [3] The agreement is not recognized as legal by India, which also claims sovereignty over part of the country. In addition to rising tensions with India, the agreement shifted the balance of the Cold War by bringing Pakistan and China closer together while easing relations between Pakistan and the United States. The two sides also agreed that the two sides will resume talks on the border issue if they settle the Kashmir dispute. According to Jane`s International Defence Review, the deal was also important during the Cold War, as Pakistan had ties to the United States and was a member of the Central Treaty Organization and the South Asian Treaty Organization. [7] The agreement was part of an overall strengthening of the Pakistan Association, which led to Pakistan`s secession from the United States. [7] [9] After the demarcation of the borders, the two countries also concluded agreements on trade and air transport, the latter being China`s first international agreement with a non-communist country. [10] After passing the Khunjerab, the demarcation line generally extends southward along the main watershed mentioned above and the Taghumbash and Koliman Su (Oprang Jilga) rivers. According to the Chinese map, the border that left the southeastern point runs along the small section of Koliman Su to reach its confluence with the Kelechin River. The Pakistan-China Border Agreement for the Pakistan-China border was signed in March 1963.

This agreement has become very controversial due to India`s refusal to recognize it, as it also claims sovereignty over certain territories. In addition to this controversy, the agreement changed the regional balance by bringing Pakistan and China closer together while weighing on Pakistan and the United States. Relations. Pakistan had expressed some reservations, with Chinese maps showing parts of Pakistan on its side. Ayub Khan sought clarification, but no response was received. After Pakistan voted to put one of China`s seats on the UN Security Council, the Chinese withdrew their cards in January 1962 and agreed to start discussions on the issue. The border between China and Pakistan had never been demarcated before. Both sides agreed to do so on the basis of tradition.

The agreement begins at the northwestern border of Pakistan at an altitude of 5,630 meters, the border line extends from this point east and then southeast along the main tributaries of the Tashkurgan River on the one hand to the tributes of the Hunza River of the Indus River System on the other hand through the Kilik Daban. Mintake Daban, Kharchanai Daban, Mutsgila Daban and Parpik pass to Khunjerab Daban. After Pakistan voted to grant China a seat at the United Nations, the Chinese withdrew the disputed cards in January 1962 and agreed to enter into border talks in March. The willingness of the Chinese to join the agreement has been welcomed by the Pakistani people. Negotiations between the nations officially began on October 13, 1962 and led to the signing of an agreement on March 2, 1963. [1] It was signed by Foreign Minister Chen Yi for the Chinese and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto for the Pakistanis. For Pakistan, which had border disputes on its eastern and western borders, the agreement brought relief by protecting its northern border from future disputes. The treaty also provided for a clear demarcation of the border for Pakistan, which would continue to serve as the border even after the Kashmir dispute was resolved. [6] The Republic of China, now based in Taiwan and commonly referred to as Taiwan, does not recognize Chinese territorial changes based on border agreements signed by the People`s Republic of China with other countries, including this one, in accordance with the Constitution of the Republic of China and its additional articles.

Pakistan does not recognize the Republic of China as a state. [11] The China-Pakistan Agreement (also known as the China-Pakistan Border Agreement and the China-Pakistan Border Agreement) is a 1963 document between the governments of Pakistan and China that establishes the border between these countries. [1] During this period, China quarreled with India over The eastern border of Kashmir, with India claiming that the border had already been demarcated and China claiming that such demarcations had never taken place. Pakistan and China acknowledged in their agreement that the border had not been demarcated or demarcated, which supported the Chinese position. [6] Pakistan welcomed its willingness to reach an agreement. Talks between the two sides officially began on October 13, 1962 and resulted in an agreement signed on March 2, 1963 by Foreign Ministers Chen Yi and Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto of China and Pakistan, respectively. .