Uk And France Agreement
During the period 1875-1898, tensions were high, particularly with regard to Egyptian and African issues. In many places, these issues have brought the two nations to the brink of war; but the situation has always been defused by diplomacy.  Peace reigned for two decades – but it was “an armed peace that was marked by alarm, mistrust, anger and irritation.”  During the Scramble for Africa in the 1880s, the British and French recognized the spheres of influence of the other in general. An 1890 agreement recognized Britain in Bahr-el-Ghazal and Darfur, while Wadai, Bagirmi, Kanem and the area to the north and east of Lake Chad were assigned to France.  During last year`s French election campaign, Macron said he wanted to renegotiate or denounce the 2003 Le Touquet agreement, which introduced French border controls in Britain and British controls in Calais. Priti Patel and French Interior Minister Gérald Darmanin have now signed an agreement in which they “reaffirmed their commitment to make this path unprofitable.” However, the agreement was criticized by the director of a humanitarian charity, who said it was “an exceptional sign of failure that the Minister of the Interior announces with such fanfare that she is reorganizing the sun loungers on the Titanic.” The new agreement on the crossing of migrants comes a month after the death of members of a Kurdish-Iranian family when their boat capsized in the English Channel. Interior Minister Priti Patel and French Interior Minister Gerald Darmanin reaffirmed their determination to make this route unprofitable. They signed an expanded agreement based on joint cooperation, where the proportion of crossing points intercepted and prevented has increased from 41% in 2019 to 60% in recent weeks. It is difficult to resolve sharp differences on the British border with France. Mrs May has provided additional funds for border security in Calais – and has proposed separate Chinook helicopters to transport French troops safely over Mali. One of the motivating factors of the agreement was undoubtedly France`s desire to protect itself from a possible aggression by its former rival, Germany, which had gradually strengthened in the years since its victory in the Franco-German War of 1870-71 and which now had the most powerful ground army in the world.
Britain also sought to contain Germany, particularly in the face of a revised and ambitious German naval programme which, if successful, threatened to call into question Britain`s clear dominance at sea. Asked about his opposition to the inclusion of financial services in a free trade agreement between the EU and the UK, he said: “I am here not to penalise or reward. I want to make sure that the internal market is preserved, because that is the heart of the EU. Through the Cordial Agreement, Britain and France gave the beginnings of an alliance and, in the concluding terms of the agreement, promised to help each other in obtaining the implementation of the terms of this declaration on Egypt and Morocco.